Wednesday 18 October 2017

Republican
information
agency

Derbent – gates to Orient - Djamilya Gazieva

16 September 2015 09:21 Posted in:  SOCIETY Source :  RIA Dagestan
Author:  Djamilya Gazieva, Senior specialist of branch of the Foreign Affairs Ministry in Dagestan
font size-+
Print
Makhachkala, September 16, 2015. For the present time Derbent is a unique monument of the ancient history, an open-air museum with the well preserved ancient buildings. Dagestan Head Ramazan Abdulatipov rightly notes: "Derbent is a unique city. It is one of the proofs that Dagestan and the Caucasus were not outside of world civilization processes, but were also one of the places where the urban civilization arose."

No doubt, the overhaul and large-scale restoration work initiated by Dagestani Head will remain in Derbent history as a tribute to the memory of those who founded the city, built the magnificent fortress and defended its independence fr om invaders. The descendants would be grateful to those who did not surrender the magnificent city and to those who tried to restore it in such difficult financial circumstances.

The historians confirm the 5,000-year-old first settlements on the territory of Derbent and the 200-year-old status of Derbent as an urban settlement. Therefore, the 2000 anniversary of one of the oldest cities in Russia will be celebrated on September 19.

The city is located in the eastern part of the Caucasus wh ere the mountain is closest to the Caspian Sea, leaving only a narrow strip of plain. Having completed the plain, the city formed a so-called Derbent or Caspian passage.

The role of Derbent and the Derbent passage in the ancient times was so great, because it was located in one of the most strategically important places. Here, the most convenient route from southeastern Europe to Persia and Western Asia run, and the isthmus was basically a military point that caused the confrontation between states.

Medieval Derbent was the largest port on the Caspian Sea, the most important center of international transit trade in the East - West, North and South.  The city maintained close trade ties with many regions and cities of the Middle East and Eastern Europe. Medieval authors and numerous archaeological finds confirm this fact.

Arab conquerors had a great influence on the formation of Derbent as the largest political and economic center in the Caucasus and one of the cultural centers of the Muslim world. It is no accident that the famous Arab commander Maslamah bin Abdul-Malik is called "second father" of Derbent for his significant contribution to the city development.


Total views: 1398

Other news:

17.10.2017 13:45:48 Abdusamad Gamidov visits laboratory of young Dagestani inventor
12.10.2017 20:01:52 Makhachkala to host school mathematical Olympiad
12.10.2017 19:56:27 Highest Ferris wheel in Europe to be built in Dagestan
12.10.2017 19:46:37 Dagestan to be assisted in training cadres for defense enterprises
12.10.2017 19:38:41 Dagestan to be represented by 150 delegates at World Youth Festival in Sochi
11.10.2017 07:06:37 Four Yamal peregrine falcons transported to Makhachkala
05.10.2017 19:07:29 North Caucasian Resource Center for Inclusive Education to open in Dagestan
02.10.2017 19:22:40 Dagestan pedagogues to pass internship in Peoples' Friendship University of Russia
02.10.2017 18:58:05 Dagestani awarded posthumously
02.10.2017 18:24:09 Rural Youth Forum comes to end in Dagestan
25.09.2017 02:55:06 Foundation to Square of friendship between the peoples of Russia and Turkey laid in Makhachkala
21.09.2017 04:33:57 III All-Caucasian Forum of Rural Youth to be held in Dagestan
18.09.2017 13:56:12 Dagestan becomes leader in terms of effectiveness of MFCs
17.09.2017 10:27:03 Dagestan to host first Paralympic Games
14.09.2017 19:37:05 Children of Southern Dagestan visit master classes on robotics
14.09.2017 19:26:35 Dagestan hosts Forum of Compatriots
14.09.2017 19:18:09 "Caspian: Partnership for the Future" forum starts Dagestan
14.09.2017 19:05:04 A circus and a studio of rope-walkers to be opened in Dagestan
10.09.2017 19:48:54 Makhachkala joins action "Save the life of child with leukemia"
08.09.2017 14:20:41 Dagestan authorities to build new reservoir
04.09.2017 16:13:33 Abdulatipov opens Education Center in Dagestan
31.08.2017 16:27:56 Caspian Fish festival to be held in Makhachkala
31.08.2017 16:23:12 Estuary-silvic complex "Sulaksky Lagoon" to be established in Dagestan
31.08.2017 16:15:57 Stolen saber worth million euros returned to Dagestan museum
24.08.2017 20:32:55 Special center for talented students to be established in Dagestan
24.08.2017 20:02:02 Dagestan authorities draw plan to save leopards and seals
22.08.2017 16:02:12 Filming of "Testament of ancestors" reality show started in Dagestan
22.08.2017 14:57:58 Sole speakers of ancient language found in Dagestan
22.08.2017 10:22:25 "Night of Cinema - 2017" action to be held in Makhachkala
21.08.2017 21:34:14 Investor Dmitry Portnyagin to shoot video on Dagestan

Videos

Archib - Only the roots alive vetvi

photoreports