Sunday 18 March 2018


Derbent – gates to Orient - Djamilya Gazieva

16 September 2015 09:21 Posted in:  SOCIETY Source :  RIA Dagestan
Author:  Djamilya Gazieva, Senior specialist of branch of the Foreign Affairs Ministry in Dagestan
font size-+
Makhachkala, September 16, 2015. For the present time Derbent is a unique monument of the ancient history, an open-air museum with the well preserved ancient buildings. Dagestan Head Ramazan Abdulatipov rightly notes: "Derbent is a unique city. It is one of the proofs that Dagestan and the Caucasus were not outside of world civilization processes, but were also one of the places where the urban civilization arose."

No doubt, the overhaul and large-scale restoration work initiated by Dagestani Head will remain in Derbent history as a tribute to the memory of those who founded the city, built the magnificent fortress and defended its independence fr om invaders. The descendants would be grateful to those who did not surrender the magnificent city and to those who tried to restore it in such difficult financial circumstances.

The historians confirm the 5,000-year-old first settlements on the territory of Derbent and the 200-year-old status of Derbent as an urban settlement. Therefore, the 2000 anniversary of one of the oldest cities in Russia will be celebrated on September 19.

The city is located in the eastern part of the Caucasus wh ere the mountain is closest to the Caspian Sea, leaving only a narrow strip of plain. Having completed the plain, the city formed a so-called Derbent or Caspian passage.

The role of Derbent and the Derbent passage in the ancient times was so great, because it was located in one of the most strategically important places. Here, the most convenient route from southeastern Europe to Persia and Western Asia run, and the isthmus was basically a military point that caused the confrontation between states.

Medieval Derbent was the largest port on the Caspian Sea, the most important center of international transit trade in the East - West, North and South.  The city maintained close trade ties with many regions and cities of the Middle East and Eastern Europe. Medieval authors and numerous archaeological finds confirm this fact.

Arab conquerors had a great influence on the formation of Derbent as the largest political and economic center in the Caucasus and one of the cultural centers of the Muslim world. It is no accident that the famous Arab commander Maslamah bin Abdul-Malik is called "second father" of Derbent for his significant contribution to the city development.

Больше важных и актуальных новостей в Telegram-канале РИА «ДАГЕСТАН». Подписывайся!
Total views: 1637

Other news:

16.03.2018 21:44:31 First stage of all-Russian anti-drug action kicks off in Makhachkala
13.03.2018 14:23:13 Auxiliary facility for Republican oncological dispensary to be built in Dagestan
06.03.2018 22:55:39 Skvortsova: Republican Burn Center becomes one of best in Russia
06.03.2018 18:29:18 Specialist of Moscow Cancer Institute arrives in Dagestan
04.03.2018 20:04:12 Master class on "Kiyiz" felt manufacture conducted in Makhachkala
04.03.2018 19:45:09 "Caspian Fiber Glass Plant" LLC to increase supply of products to Russia’s regions
04.03.2018 18:26:54 Vasiliev: European Free Style Wrestling Championship to become national holiday in Dagestan
02.03.2018 22:44:01 Employees of DSTU win at International competition "Interclover - 2018"
28.02.2018 22:52:02 "Peri" Foundation to assist in digitizing unique collection of Hebrew literature
28.02.2018 11:05:56 More than 100 students to become participants of WorldSkills Championship in Dagestan
27.02.2018 14:36:48 Students from Dagestan to undergo training in Oman
26.02.2018 02:39:52 DSUNE hosts “Neuromarketing. Learning to sell through emotions” master class
25.02.2018 22:58:29 Elvira Yakhyaeva reaches second round of TV musical project "You are super!"
25.02.2018 22:25:51 "Day of Mountains - Unknown and Beautiful Dagestan" cultural program presented in Moscow
25.02.2018 22:16:33 Teacher from Dagestan becomes laureate of International Contest "Facets of Pedagogy"
23.02.2018 18:51:53 Dagestan State Medical University expands international cooperation
20.02.2018 16:07:54 About five thousand people gather for funeral of victims of attack in Kizlyar
19.02.2018 17:11:21 Five women killed in shooting at church in Russia’s Dagestan
12.02.2018 03:12:49 Approx. 700 ancient eastern manuscripts digitized in Dagestan
04.02.2018 22:55:40 Russian religious communities hold rally to help residents of Syria
31.01.2018 22:11:46 Higher educational institutions of Dagestan to improve quality of education
29.01.2018 20:15:39 Center for Abdominal Hernias Surgery opens in Makhachkala
24.01.2018 16:12:04 Petersburg and Samara alpinists challenge mountains of Dagestan
17.01.2018 21:42:39 Over 5 hectares of new forests planted in Dagestan in Year of Ecology
09.01.2018 19:48:50 Extreme route for climbers to be laid in Gorge of seven waterfalls in Dagestan
04.01.2018 11:26:31 Tourist flow increases by 18% in Dagestan in 2017
29.12.2017 02:03:59 Students of religious educational institutions to master work skills
28.12.2017 20:23:24 Dagestan celebrates 45th anniversary of Dagestan State Technical University
24.12.2017 21:31:55 More than 300 orphans to receive new housing in Dagestan
24.12.2017 21:24:08 Prosecutor General's Office to conduct full scale corruption audit in Dagestan


Archib - Only the roots alive vetvi