Friday 18 June 2021

Republican
information
agency

Dagestan revives silkworms breeding industry

25 June 2020 23:52 Posted in:  BUSINESS
font size-+
Print
Makhachkala, June 25, 2020. Breeding silkworms for the manufacture of Kumyk national shawls - tastars is being revived in the village of Nizhniy Kazanishche, Buinaksk district of Dagestan. This year, the local residents intend to plant mulberry trees to increase the number of silkworms and accept new students for training, the teacher at the municipal Center for Gifted Child Development, one of the project initiators Zhamina Shugaibova says.

"Formerly, we used silk threads not only to make scarves but weave carpets and paths. We decided to revive the folk art of weaving the tastar. For the present time we can grow caterpillars, get cocoons and threads. We have several thousand caterpillars - from cocoons, which they make and they make silk threads (7-8 kgs of threads out of 100 kg of cocoons). This year we want to plant mulberry trees to get leaves for feeding silkworms" - Shugaibova noted.

According to Shugaibova, special facilities in her house were equipped for the maintenance of worms. On the shelves along the walls there were put branches and leaves of mulberry tree with the silkworm caterpillars on them. The caterpillar grows for about a month - almost all this time it eats, interrupting only for sleep during molting. During its life, one silkworm caterpillar eats about 5 kg of foliage, while fresh leaves need to be planted every two hours.
"We collect leaves throughout the village, used to plant trees near the school, but now there are not more than a dozen of them left. Therefore, we want to plant seedlings in a separate area and enclose it.
Revive the forgotten

Shugaibova herself has been weaving the tastar for about 20 years. “I’m self-taught, there was no one to teach me, I recognized everything myself. And then I began to teach the others” - the teacher explained.

Three years ago, the Buinaksk District Gifted Development Center won a republican grant to support educational institutions developing traditional folk crafts. Now, Shugaibova, along with the other teachers teach the young residents of the region to produce silk threads and the knitting technique. Now she has approx. 90 students in the district center and in the rural art school.

“They study for the first year, then they begin to weave a triangular tastar, then a quadrangular one. They make scarves as a gift to mothers, grandmothers, don’t have time to sell anything,” Shugaibova said, adding that it takes about two months to make one tastar.

At the same time, she is convinced that in the future, the revival project of tartar weaving can have a commercial continuation. For this it is necessary to plant trees, expand the facilities and recruit more students.
“If I had the opportunity, I would revive everything that we could do before, because the manual work can never be compared to what one can buy in the store. All this can and must be revived” Shugaibova added.



Больше важных и актуальных новостей в Telegram-канале РИА «ДАГЕСТАН». Подписывайся!
Total views: 580

Other news:

16.06.2021 21:51:00 Republican Festival "Apricot of Dagestan" to be held in Makhachkala
06.06.2021 16:34:00 Closed-cycle garbage management system to be created in Dagestan
06.06.2021 16:29:00 Dagestan to receive over 3 billion rubles for solar energy
02.06.2021 14:53:00 Two largest shoe factories in the Northern Caucasus to be soon opened in Dagestan
26.05.2021 00:20:00 The only small airline company in North Caucasian Federal District starts operating in Dagestan
17.05.2021 07:23:00 Dagestan becomes biggest producer of milk in NCFD
11.05.2021 10:16:00 Tourist cluster and investment platform to be created in Buinaksky district of Dagestan
11.05.2021 10:04:00 Fruit storage facility worth 50 million rubles to be constructed in Dagestan
19.04.2021 11:12:00 Dagestan government to support Kubachi art plant
19.04.2021 09:50:00 One of largest super-intensive apple orchards is being laid in the south of Dagestan
09.04.2021 16:34:00 Poultry farm in Dagestan purchases Italian equipment to increase production
29.03.2021 18:21:00 Over million tourists plan to visit Dagestan in 2021
28.03.2021 10:10:00 First tourism college in Northern Caucasus to be opened in Dagestan
23.03.2021 17:59:00 UAE representatives display interest in importing Dagestan products
22.03.2021 17:08:00 PJSC ROSSETI to invest more than 1 billion rubles in Dagestan grid complex in 2021
20.03.2021 19:22:00 Production of sprat in tomato with a capacity of 90 thousand cans per month launched in Dagestan
14.03.2021 17:10:00 Delegation of Russian Defense Ministry Navy visit enterprise in Kizlyar
12.03.2021 17:02:00 First unified travel service launched in Dagestan
14.02.2021 12:55:00 Turkish business expresses readiness to invest in Dagestan
24.12.2020 23:12:00 Private spaceport to be built in Dagestan by 2025
23.12.2020 12:21:00 Concept for development of region until 2025 is being developed in Dagestan
17.12.2020 15:01:00 Russian Railways invest RUR 700 million in Dagestan
29.11.2020 17:43:00 More than 20 thousand people voted for Dagestan brands at "Tastes of Russia" competition
23.11.2020 21:12:00 First glamping park will be created in Dagestan
13.11.2020 20:40:00 More than 100 thousand tons of rice harvested in Dagestan
06.11.2020 16:42:00 Experts named four industries in Dagestan most beneficial for international exports
11.10.2020 21:16:00 More than 500 jobs to be created at Gadjiev plant in Makhachkala
10.10.2020 20:02:00 Representatives of Dagestan business community visit Turkish cities
02.10.2020 20:51:00 Twenty enterprises to represent Dagestan at agro-industrial exhibition "Golden Autumn"
15.09.2020 17:18:00 Dagestan plans to build 200 hectares of high-tech greenhouses

Videos

Archib - Only the roots alive vetvi

photoreports